The Musician

A musician’s hands and arms are like elite athletes in themselves. Fingers sprint across the piano keys or wrists incline acutely to accommodate the strings on a violin, it is no surprise that musculoskeletal disorders occur in about 20% of musicians.

Generally disorders fall into one of six categories:

  1. Overuse syndromes
  2. Compressive neuropathies
  3. Osteoarthritis
  4. Focal dystonia
  5. Thoracic outlet syndrome
  6. Joint hypermobility

It is key to determine all factors relating to the presenting problem in the musician, as an increase in playing time and/or intensity, recent change in musical instructor, awkward posture, joint laxity, poorly fitting musical instrument, repetitive movements and improper technique are all risk factors for developing musculoskeletal problems.

Management of the musician is complex, and multimodal intervention is often necessary to help achieve the desired outcome. Many musicians have distinctive difficulties: sometimes they have several jobs to make ends meet, their leisure activities may involve playing their instrument, and their occupation places higher demands on their hands than most others. Each thus needs to be managed individually, with a comprehensive non-operative program being the mainstay prior to consideration of any surgery.

Conditions Managed



Contact us anytime

Office: 074 810 0564
Whatsapp: 074 810 0564
Email: info@drneilkruger.com


Visit us in person

Claremont Medical Village
2nd floor, Suite 203, Library Square, Claremont Medical Village, Wilderness Road, Claremont, Cape Town, 7708

Advanced Harbour Bay Surgical Centre
Sessional Room, Cnr of Main and Dido Valley Road, Simon’s Town, Cape Town, 7975



Sports Science Orthopaedic Clinic
Room 1, Sports Science Orthopaedic Clinic, Sports Science Institute, Boundary Road, Newlands, 7700


Copyright by Dr Neil Kruger 2020. All rights reserved.